Clitoria Violet Flower, Fruit & Bud Photos. Shankupushpam-Ayurvedic/ Medicinal Cures. Bluepea Agricultural Significance

More photos on Herbal flowers of Shankupushpam or blue peas, also called butterfly peas and scientifically named as Clitoria Ternatea. The famous Ayurvedic herbal flower plant of Kerala, at the same time ingredient of many recipes in Asian countries. Despite its medicinal value the plant is seen all around unnoticed in between the shrubs and small trees. As it's a perennial herb most of times the flowers are seen peeping from the greenery of the plant or tree it's having an entangled affair for existence.

Flowers of shankupushpam appears in colors of snowy white,dark blue, fluorescent blue ,violet etc. Have got some violet flowers of shankupushpam here and have already posted the photos of blue and white flowers of Aparajitas in previous postings.

 Butterfly peas-Herbal flower's Bud

shankupushpam herbal flowers bud closeup photograph,clitoria flower bud
Walking around after the rain, these are some of the photos i snapped from the nature. As these plants of Shankupushpams are seen abundant all over in between trees and plants, they came in front naturally and i couldn't help taking some closeup snaps of the flowers and buds before leaving.

Am trying to present a little more details on the medicinal value of this common tropical herbal plant by this post. Peculiarity of this plant is, no part of the plant is unusable as per Ayurvedic maestros. In ancient books on Ayurveda the plant, its roots, flowers and even leaves are mentioned for the preparation of peculiar medicines.

Shankupushpam or Bluepea flowers are mentioned in a variety of synonyms in the books of Ayurveda. Butterfly pea flowers and plants are mentioned in most of the old Ayurvedic scriptures for its herbal medicinal value. Some of the common ayurvedic synonyms of aparajita are supuspi, sveta, girikarnika, gokarnika, mohanasi, ardrakarni, mahasveta, sephanda, vishnukrantha etc. Also the flower is known as aral, malayamukki, Kakkanam etc.

Clitoria Ternatea, Bluepea or Butterfly peas- Flower Bud Closeups or Macros

macro photo snap of shankupushapam herbal flower bud in bright sunlight,green bluepea flower bud closeup
Basking in the morning sun, just after a rain bath! The fresh green flower bud of Shankupushpam or clitoria, the Ayurvedic medicinal cure from nature itself.

Regionally the name of this herbal plant and flowers vary like  butterfly-pea in Australia, honte in French, blaue clitorie in German, clitoria azul in Portuguese, bejuco de conchitas in Spanish, cunha in Brazil etc. Also known as cordofan-pea, campanilla, conchita azul, azulejo, papito, zapotillo, choroque, bandera etc etc.

Clitoria Ternatea as Ornamental Plants

Apart from a herbal plant it is also used as ornamental garden plant mostly along the boundary walls. For ornamental purposes Clitoria ternatea and Clitoria purpurea are seen grown for their attractively coloured flowers. Clitoria ternatea has creamy white flowers, whereas clitoria purpurea has dark blue flowers. Hybrid plants between these two yields intermediate light blue flowers bigger in sizes than the parent flowers. Flower colors also ranges from deep violet, velvety blue, light pink etc.

In some places Clitoria is seen cultivated for various purposes. Most often clitoria or shankupushpam plants are seen cultivated as cover crops. In some places of the world its cultivated to increase the soil fertility to enhance yields of other food crops like wheat, maize etc. Clitoria plants are also used for green manure and in some places its cut and dried for being used as hay for cattles.

The plant is considered vigorous growing persistant herbaceous legume which is perennial in nature. The clitoria flowers or shankupushpams is named gokarnika in some parts of India for its oval appearence resembling the ears of a Cow.


Violet Clitoria Flowers or Shankupushpam- Rain wet flower snaps in Macro mode


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Wet in the rain, A macro snap of violet Shankupushpam or clitoria ternatea. A well known medicinal herb, but seen growing abandoned allover in the backyards.

Why cultivate Butterfly peas or clitoria ternatea plants?

Clitoria herbal plants are seen much adaptive to various range of temperatures and humidity. The plant is tolerant to frost and dry conditions and can withstand heavy grazing activities. These properties of this medicinal nontoxic herbal plant makes it ideal for development of waste land and also for the making of hay as mentioned before.

Clitoria plants are seen dominating the weeds that may grow in between gradually. Cultivating it with other grasses like tall elephant grasses as hay increases overall nutritional value and yield of the cattle feed. The seeds of clitoria plants are high in protein and thus helps to increase the nitrogen content of the soil. It helps in yielding high protein content grass from nitrogen fixed fertile soil. Crude fibe and crudeprotein levels in the leaves of clitoria are also seen high. Quality Cattle yields can be increased considerably using quality clitoria plant hay.

Clitoria or bluepeas can also be used as cover crops for coconut and rubber plantations. The nitrogen enriching property of the plant is found much beneficial for the plantation crops.

The plant will flower within 8 to 11 weeks after sowing. Flowering may continue throught the year if moisture is sufficient and conditions are frost free. Clitoria flowers can be both bee pollinated or self pollinated. Butterfly pea flowers have commercial value in some parts due to its multiple uses.

Also the blue flowers of shankupushpams are used in some of the Asian countries for colouring rice and other recipes.  The leaves are seen potted and consumed for its herbal value.

Clitoria ternatea flower and Fruits, Ayurvedic Herbal flower closeups


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Hiding among the green. Clitoria violet flower and fruit. A flower and plant with wide range uses as medicinal herb, ornamental plants, nutritional cattle feed and fertilizer.

Medicinal or Herbal uses of Clitoria ternatea or Shankupushpam plant and flowers

Shankupushpam flowers and plant are used to prepare a variety of medicinal extracts especially as per old Ayurvedic scriptures. Roots seeds and leaves are used to make medicines which can be used both internally aswellas externally. The white flowered clitoria plant roots are used to make a medicinal paste for skin diseases. Extracts made from shangupushpam are wellknown as a brain tonic and for enhancing memmory and intelligence.

The seeds are fried in ghee and powdered and consumed with hot water for skin diseases. The root extracts of clitoria are used for eye, throat infections, ulcer and for urinary troubles. White flower clitoria leaves are made into a paste and mixed with salt before being applied for retroauricular adenitis. Shankupushpam plants are found to be having antifungal proteins. Clitoria Seeds are crushed with honey and applied topically for Tonsillitis. For migrane the root juice extracts are poured through nostrills.

In some of the famous Ayurvedic scriptures Clitoria plant and flower extracts are mentioned useful for nasal therapy while in some other books its mentioned as a herbal medicine to alleviate effects of toxins in blood. Also the books refers shankupushpam herbal preparations to be used for treating eye related diseases.

The haeomostatic effects of clitoria ensures its presence in medicines for piles especially bleeding piles. Aparajita plant extracta are known to be alleviators of pain and swellings. Decoction of this herbal plant is used for cleaning wounds and it has ability to prevent pus formation.

The herbal medicine from shankupushpam has tranquilizing effects and thus used for syncope, vertigo etc like nervous system and brain related ailments. Clitoria herbal extracts are also used for treating digestive system and for diseases like jaundice, dyspepsia, constipation, piles etc.

Clitoria herbal extracts are also used for treating circulatory system as it has blood purifying and haemostatic properties. Also used for treating smallpox.

For ailments in respiratory system like cough and cold the herbal plant extracts can be used, as it has ability to prevent irritation of respiratory organs and also have expectorant properties. The medicianal extracts from the plant are also used for treatement of Asthma.

Herbal extracts from clitoria plants are seen to possess spermatogenic properties and thus used in cases of sperm debility. Also used to treat urinary system ailments. Also shangupushpam herbal preparations are known to have cooling effects which alleviiates symptoms of vomiting, burning sensations and thirst which are common during fever.

 Leaves of Shankupushpam plants can be grounded and mixed with salt for applying over swellings. The roots of clitoria ternatea can be grounded and given with ghee or butter two to three times daily for increasing memory and intelligence and also it can be effective for treating goitre. A gram of shankupushpam flower powder is given daily with honey for utreus bleeding problems. Powder of leaves is also used for treating brain disorders.


The flowers of clitoria are photographed in super macro and closeups using Fuji finepix S5700 S700. Photos are cropped to 800 relative resolutions and saved in a reduced quality before being posted here.
Will be back with more snaps of kerala. I bet we will meet back here soon with some festive season event photos from Cochin- Kerala.

9 comments:

Herbal Extracts said...

Your images are nice. Very informative post.

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Ayush Chand said...

Its good to see that Kerala have these beautiful ayurvedic flowers

Acura Air Conditioner Compressor said...

Wow very beautiful pics.I like nature pics

Kerala said...

Nice collections , as well as Kerala is rich in herbal medicines and plants the climate is favourable to a number of herbal plants and medicinal herbs, used for all kind of ayurvedic treatments, Stay in kerala hotels and enjoy the beauty of kerala

Ashley Sisk said...

Very pretty!

EBENEZER ADOKWEI said...

Bright and colorful images.Very healthy herb picture you have here, really good for many illness.

Please do comment on my page too at http://ebenezer-adokwei.blogspot.com/ so we can keep active network.

Rockinon said...

Thank you for your comment on my blog in 2011.

I just stopped by to wish you a very happy holiday season and all the best in the coming year!

Cheers, Rockinon (Ken W.)

bwl said...

ultimate….
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